For more information on any topic related to the Public Protection Classification (PPC™) program or the Fire Suppression Rating Schedule, Contact ISO Mitigation, or. Program evaluation is essential to public health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sets standards for evaluation, develops evaluation tools and. Program evaluation is a systematic method for collecting, analyzing, and using information to answer questions about projects, policies and programs, particularly. Process evaluation involves analyzing how program activities are delivered. Prevention practitioners seek to find the answers to these central questions. Process Evaluation vs. Outcome Evaluation. By Deborah Linnell. In other words, process evaluations document the process of a program's implementation.
Basic Guide to Program Evaluation (Including Many Additional Resources)© Copyright Carter Mc. Namara, MBA, Ph. D, Authenticity Consulting. LLC. Adapted from the Field Guide to Nonprofit Program Design, Marketing.
Evaluation. This document provides guidance toward planning and implementing. Nonprofit. organizations are increasingly interested in outcomes- based evaluation. If you are interested in learning more about outcomes- based evaluation.
Effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions. Evaluation involves procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical. What is the difference between process, outcome and impact evaluations? A process evaluation looks at the actual development and implementation of a particular program.
Outcomes- Evaluation. Outcomes- Based Evaluations in Nonprofit Organizations. Sections of This Topic Include. Program Evaluation: carefully getting. Where Program Evaluation is Helpful.
Basic Ingredients (you need an organization. Planning Program Evaluation (what do. Major Types of Program Evaluation (evaluating. Overview of Methods to Collect Information. Selecting Which Methods to Use (which. Analyzing and Interpreting Information.
Reporting Evaluation Results. Who Should Carry Out the Evaluation? Contents of an Evaluation Plan. Pitfalls to Avoid. Online Guides, etc. Outcomes- Evaluation. General Resources.
Also see. Evaluations (many. Related Library Topics.
Related Library Topics. Also See the Library's Blogs Related to Program Evaluations. In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which. Program Evaluations. Scan down the blog's page to see. Also see the section "Recent Blog Posts" in the sidebar. Library's Business.
Planning Blog. Library's Building. Business Blog. Library's Strategic. Planning Blog. A Brief Introduction .. Note that the concept of program evaluation can include a wide. There are numerous books and other. However, personnel do not have to be experts in these topics to. The "2. 0- 8. 0" rule.
It's better to do what might turn out to be an average effort. Besides, if you. resort to bringing in an evaluation consultant, you should be. Far too many program evaluations generate information. This document orients personnel to the.
Note that much of the information in this section was gleaned. Michael Quinn Patton. Program Evaluation. Some Myths About Program Evaluation. Many people believe evaluation is a useless activity that. This was. a problem with evaluations in the past when program evaluation. This approach often.
Generalizations and recommendations were avoided. As a result, evaluation reports tended to reiterate the obvious. More recently (especially. Michael Patton's development of utilization- focused. Many people believe that evaluation is about proving the.
This myth assumes that success. This doesn't happen in real life. Success. is remaining open to continuing feedback and adjusting the program. Evaluation gives you this continuing feedback. Many believe that evaluation is a highly unique and complex. Many people believe. They don't have to.
They do have to consider what information. And they have to be willing to commit to understanding. Note that many people regularly undertake. Consequently, they miss precious opportunities to make more of. So What is Program Evaluation? First, we'll consider "what is a program?" Typically. In nonprofits. each of these goals often becomes a program.
Nonprofit programs. Programs must be evaluated. In. a for- profit, a program is often a one- time effort to produce. So, still, what is program evaluation? Program evaluation is carefully. Program. evaluation can include any or a variety of at least 3. The type of evaluation you.
Don't worry about what type of evaluation. Where Program Evaluation is Helpful. Frequent Reasons: Program evaluation can: 1. Understand, verify or increase the impact of products or services. These "outcomes" evaluations. Too. often, service providers (for- profit or nonprofit) rely on their.
Over time, these organizations find themselves. Improve delivery mechanisms to be more efficient and less costly. Over time, product or service delivery ends up to be an inefficient. Evaluations can identify program strengths and weaknesses.
Verify that you're doing what you think you're doing - Typically. Evaluations can verify if the. Other Reasons: Program evaluation can: 4. Facilitate management's really thinking about what their program. Produce data or verify results that can be used for public. Produce valid comparisons between programs to decide which.
Fully examine and describe effective programs for duplication. Basic Ingredients: Organization and Program(s)You Need An Organization: This may seem too obvious to discuss, but before an organization. You Need Program(s): To effectively conduct program evaluation, you should first. That is, you need a strong impression of what your. You may have used a needs.
Next, you. need some effective methods to meet each of those goals. These. methods are usually in the form of programs. It often helps to think of your programs in terms of inputs. Inputs are the various resources. The process is how the program is. The outputs are the units of service, e. Outcomes are the impacts on the customers or on clients receiving.
Planning Your Program Evaluation. Depends on What Information You Need to Make Your Decisions. On Your Resources.
Often, management wants to know everything about their products. However, limited resources usually force. Your program evaluation plans depend on what information you. Usually, management. For example, do you. You may want other information or. Ultimately, it's up to you.
But the more focused you are about what you want to examine. There are trade offs, too, in the breadth and depth of information. The more breadth you want, usually the less depth you. On the other hand, if you want to examine a certain. For those starting out in program evaluation or who have very. They can both understand.
Key Considerations: Consider the following key questions when designing a program. For what purposes is the evaluation being done, i. Who are the audiences for the information from the evaluation.
What kinds of information are needed to make the decision you. From what sources should the information be collected, e.
How can that information be collected in a reasonable fashion. When is the information needed (so, by when must it be collected)? What resources are available to collect the information?
Some Major Types of Program Evaluation. When designing your evaluation approach, it may be helpful. Note that you should not design.
Goals- Based Evaluation. Often programs are established to meet one or more specific. These goals are often described in the original program. Goal- based evaluations are evaluating the extent to which programs. Questions to ask. How were the program goals (and objectives, is applicable). Was the process effective?
What is the status of the program's progress toward achieving. Will the goals be achieved according to the timelines specified. If not, then. why? Do personnel have adequate resources (money, equipment, facilities. How should priorities be changed to put more focus on achieving.
Depending on the context, this question might be viewed. How should timelines be changed (be careful about making these. How should goals be changed (be careful about making these. Should any goals be added or removed?
Why? 8. How should goals be established in the future? Process- Based Evaluations. Process- based evaluations are geared to fully understanding. These evaluations are useful if programs are long- standing. There are numerous questions that might be addressed in a process.
These questions can be selected by carefully considering. Examples of questions. On what basis do employees and/or the customers decide that. What is required of employees in order to deliver the product. How are employees trained about how to deliver the product.
How do customers or clients come into the program? What is required of customers or client?
How do employees select which products or services will be. What is the general process that customers or clients go through.
What do customers or clients consider to be strengths of the. What do staff consider to be strengths of the product or program?
What typical complaints are heard from employees and/or customers? What do employees and/or customers recommend to improve the. On what basis do employees and/or the customer decide that. Outcomes- Based Evaluation. Program evaluation with an outcomes focus is increasingly important. An outcomes- based evaluation.
Outcomes are benefits to clients from participation. Outcomes are usually in terms of enhanced learning.
Outcomes are often confused. The United Way of America (http: //www. The following information is a. To accomplish an outcomes- based evaluation, you should first. The general steps to accomplish an outcomes- based evaluation. Identify the major outcomes that you want to examine or verify. You might reflect on your mission.
For example, if your overall mission is to provide shelter. As a last resort, you. What major activities are we doing now?". Why are we doing that?". The answer to this "Why?" question is usually an outcome. This "last resort" approach, though, may just end up. Choose the outcomes that you want to examine, prioritize the.
For each outcome, specify what observable measures, or indicators. This is often the most important and enlightening step. However, it is often the most challenging. It helps. to have a "devil's advocate" during this phase of identifying.
Specify a "target" goal of clients, i. African American women living in the inner city of Minneapolis. Identify what information is needed to show these indicators. If. your program is new, you may need to evaluate the process in the. Michael Patton, prominent researcher. Decide how can that information be efficiently and realistically.
Selecting. Which Methods to Use below). Consider program documentation. You may not. need all of the above. Overview of Methods to Collect Information below).
Analyze and report the findings (see Analyzing and Interpreting Information below). Overview of Methods to Collect Information. The following table provides an overview of the major methods. Method. Overall Purpose. Advantages. Challenges. Also see: Appreciative.
Design. Ethics: Informed Consent from Program Participants.